I/O BoardOPERATING SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION
In Antic, April 1984, it was mentioned that A = USR(61733) reboots the system as though just powered up (page 10). It works on non-XL models. On my 1200XL, Error 9 shows up. Fix this by using A= USR(58487), which is the cold start entry point for ALL models. If you wish to reset only, without pushing the RESET button, use A= USR(58484) in your program.
Now, a question. Is there an easy way to determine the identification of an Atari computer system, including revision numbers and dates, by PEEKing locations in the Atari?
Atari has gone through six Operating Systems. The older 400/800's both contained identical OS's and went through revisions A and B. There were two OS's for the 1200XL, referred to as 10 and 11 at Atari. The new 600/800XL's have had revisions 1 and 2. If location 64728 contains 162, you have a 400/800, otherwise you have an XL. To determine which 400/800, look in location 65528. A 221 there means you have revision A, 214 means revision A PAL, 243 means revision B, and 34 is revision B PAL.
If you have an XL computer you can test for the OS at location 65527, where a PEEK will generate the revision numbers 10, 11, 1 or 2. -ANTIC ED
In your March 1984 issue, The International Atari, you said only Atari game machines are available in Saudi Arabia. Actually, Atari 400s and 800s are, and have been, available for at least a year in many stores. However, there are very few Atari owners with disk drives, making it hard to trade games.
Incidently, I find it extremely hard to read control characters used in Antic listings. Is there any way around this? That aside, Antic is the oasis in my desert.
Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
Thanks for the kind words and the information, Regarding our control characters: we frequently use character strings, instead of data statements to save memory space. Here's a tip that may help reading those strings-in the typeface font we use for our listings, most control codes are squarish, and most inverse alphanumeric characters are rectangular -ANTIC ED
I own an Atari 1200XL, and would like to know if the Translator, produced in disk form by Atari, could be on a cassette tape.
The disk version of Translator takes about 20 seconds to boot and must be rebooted for each new program requiring the old OS that you load. The Translator requires an XL computer with 64K RAM, but most cassette owners have only 16K. Most Atari owners with 64K have disk drives.
A cassette version of Translator would take several minutes to load, in addition to loading time for the application. Such time can be frustrating-buying a disk drive would make more sense. -ANTIC ED
DOING MORE WITH DOS 2.0
A few technical errors popped up in my article "Do More With DOS 2.0" (August 1984). Here are some clarifications. Under modified DOS 2.0, only 963 of the possible 1040 sectors are accessible, resulting in a total formatted storage capacity of 123,264 bytes.
Also, the actual DOS modification procedure (page 32) should be performed as follows: before performing the BASIC POKES, boot your system with a standard DOS 2 disk and leave the disk in the drive while POKEing. When you've completed the POKES, use this easier procedure: type DOS [RETURN] and wait for the DOS menu to appear. Remove your standard DOS disk now and insert a blank disk for formatting. Use the "I" menu option as usual to format the new disk and then use the "H" option as usual to save the DOS files. Then proceed with copying other files as indicated.
All 600XL and 800XL owners know that there is a special opening in the back of their computers. Can I insert a 64K card (made by MPP) into the 800XL? Will I have 128K?
The addressing bus on the 800XL will only see 64K. You can plug in the MPP 64K module, but the computer will then use the MPP 64K and not its own. In other words, instead of adding 64K, you're switching 64K. -ANTIC ED
SAVING AN ADVENTURE GAME
I'm writing an adventure game on my Atari 800XL and would like to offer the player the option of saving the game in progress for later playing. How can I do this?
You must determine which variables contain status information on the course of the game and write two subroutines. One should save the value of these variables to disk in a predetermined order and the other should read the values from the disk in reverse order and place them in the proper variables. For example: OPEN #1,8,0,"D:ADV.DAT":PUT #1,FLAG: PRINT #1,ROOM$ ...etc. To retrieve: OPEN#1,4,0, "D:ADV.DAT":GET #1, FLAG: INPUT #1,A$,. . . and so on. To get an idea of which variables you need, see our variables cross-reference article in the August 1984 issue Good Luck! -ANTIC ED
I was very impressed with the article Plato Rising (Antic, July 1984). Is Plato compatible with the MPP 1OOOC modem? Would you list all the modems with which Plato is compatible? Where can I get the Plato cartridge?
Brigham City, UT
Plato is compatible with any popular modem, including the MPP As for cartridges, you might contact Computer Creations (see the advertisen index in the back of this issue) -ANTIC ED
ENDING ATARI CABLE CHAOS
Although my Atari is a wonderful machine, a complete system can be very untidy and cumbersome, especially compared to some of the newer compact models on the market.
I solved the problem of chaos caused by my Atari 800, monitor, two disk drives, 850 interface, modem, printer and printer buffer, as well as the attendant wires, by encasing much of the system in an IBM-type box. Now the drives, disk controller, 850, printer buffer and all of the power supplies are all housed in a compact, transportable package. The modem sits on top of the case and few cables clutter my shelves.
I cooked this little ditty up one day when I was feeling masochistic. I wrote it in response to the novices' worries about hurting the computer through the keyboard.
5 GRAPHICS 0:HI=0
6 POKE 764,255:? "Hi the
re! What's your name?";
7 IF PEEK(764)=255 THEN 7
8 GRAPHICS 2+16:POKE 708
,14:POSITION 5,5:? #6;"D
9 FOR I=l TO 200:POKE 71
10 FOR I=l TO 50
15 POKE 560,PEEK(53770):P
20 POKE 756,PEEK(53770):P
30 GRAPHICS 0
40 SOUND 0,0,0,0:SOUND 1
45 IF AARD=255 THEN POKE
764,255:? :? "Do you da
re try again?":END
50 IF NOT HI THEN ? "He
e, Hee.":? "But, serious
60 ?"Never trust a comp
uter with a sense"
70 ? "of humor. (I can't
believe you fell":? "for
it two time in a row!)"
80 POKE 764,255:? :? "RE
90 AARD=255:GOTO 7
San Diego Listing: CRUELIO.BAS Download
LOCKED OUT OF AN ATARI
After using my Atari 800 for about 20 minutes, I find that it frequently locks up or scrambles my code. in the lock-up situation, all the keys function fine-until I press the [RETURN] key, when everything except the [SYSTEM RESET] locks up. Pressing the [RESET] key works, and the machine is fine until I press [RETLTRN] again.
My computer also adds, deletes and changes lines of code as it sees fit.
These problems only occur when the BASIC cartridge is inserted. What should I do?
Sorry to hear of your troubles. The problem probably lies with your BASIC cartridge. A new, fully debugged BASIC cartridge, Revision C, is now available for $15from Atari Customer Relations, 1312 Crossman Ave., PO. Box 61657, Sunnyvale, CA 94088. -ANTIC ED
I need information on a modem to run with my radio transmitter and Atari 800. It would have to be able to send and receive Morse Code, ASCII and radioteletype (RTTY). Can you help?
You will find a review of the RM1000 radio modem on page 89 of our July 1984 issue Also, you might wish to contact the folks at Ad Astra, the journal of the Atari Microcomputer Net and Amateur Radio Operator Users' Group. Their address is 4749 S.R. 207 NE, Washington CH., Ohio 43160. -ANTIC ED